Shoushan is a mountain located in Gushan District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, to the north of the main entrance to Kaohsiung Harbor. It was named Ape Hill by the Dutch in the 17th century to describe many monkeys on this mountain. It is also called Chaishan (柴山) and actually includes the Snake Hill (蛇山 - a 17th-century term) in its northern part, and Long Life Hill named by Japanese in 1911-1915 for the crown-prince Hirohito in the southern part. In some old maps, the peak of the hill is called Saracen's Head. Now it is a nature park where biological diversity can be seen.HistoryShousan is currently one of the oldest ruins of civilization founded in Kaohsiung, dating back 4000 to 5000 years ago. Military installations were constructed through both Qing rule throughout the 17 and 18th century and Japanese rule from 1895 to 1945. It is now formally under the preservation of the National Environment Preservation Unit of Taiwan, and serves as a tourism attraction.Historical landmarks Former British Consulate at Takao was established in 1865 as a trade centre between the Chinese and the English. It now serves as a preserve historical landmark. Sizihwan – Located at the southern base of the mountain and facing the Pacific Ocean, Sizihwan is a natural harbor that serves as a main tourist attraction in Kaohsiung due to its oceanic scenery. National Sun Yat San University – First established in 1924 by Sun Yat-Sen as a means to create an education institution based on democratic ideals, the university was re-established in Sizihwan in 1980 after the KMT relocated in Taiwan.